Today, March 3rd is the global day dedicated to bringing awareness and raising funds for women battling this horrible disease. Every year, approximately 10-20% of breast cancer diagnosis are triple negative.
Let these five facts educate you more on deadly disease.
TNBC occurs most frequently in women ages 40-50 (younger than the average age of diagnosis across other forms of the disease), African American women and Hispanic women, and those with BRCA1 mutations.
TNBC is more aggressive than other forms of breast cancer, making it more likely to spread to other parts of the body and more likely to recur after treatment.
TNBC is typically treated with a combination of therapies such as surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. More recently researchers have shown that immunotherapy is now an option.
TNBC tends to be higher grade than other types of breast cancer.The higher the grade, the less the cancer cells resemble normal, healthy breast cells in their appearance and growth patterns. On a scale of 1 to 3, triple-negative breast cancer often is grade 3.
TNBC is usually a cell type called “basal-like.” “Basal-like” means that the cells resemble the basal cells that line the breast ducts. Basal-like cancers tend to be more aggressive, higher grade cancers — just like triple-negative breast cancers. Most but not all basal-like breast cancers are triple negative, and most but not all triple-negative breast cancers are basal-like.